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Eastern Academy of Management 2019

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It Gets Worse With Time: An Examination of the Gender Pay Gap Among Government Employees

Multiple analyses show economic trends indicating that women earn less than men despite the fact that they attain college education at comparable rates. These trends have also raised questions regarding the conditions in which the gender pay gap is likely to emerge. We examined this issue using salary data for employees of the State of Florida. Using hierarchical linear modeling, we accounted for differences within specific employment positions as well as within state agencies. Our analyses showed consistent support for an overall gender pay gap, but they indicated that this inequity was neutralized in at least one female-dominated occupation (secretarial positions). Contrary to our expectations, we found that while there was a gender pay gap in leadership positions it did not differ from that of the rest of our sample. Our results also offered insight into the positive relationship between employee tenure and the gender pay gap.

William Obenauer
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
United States


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